As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commissionon May 12, 2023.
Registration No. 333-
|SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION|
|Washington, D.C. 20549|
|REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933|
|Treasure Global Inc|
|(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)|
|Delaware ||7389 ||36-4965082|
|(State or Other Jurisdiction of |
Incorporation or Organization)
|(Primary Standard Industrial |
Classification Code Number)
|(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
|276 5th Avenue, Suite 704 #739|
|New York, New York 10001|
|+6012 643 7688|
|(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code,|
|of registrant’s principal executive offices)|
|Chong Chan “Sam” Teo|
|Chief Executive Officer|
|Treasure Global Inc|
|276 5th Avenue, Suite 704 #739|
|New York, New York 10001|
|+6012 643 7688|
|(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)|
Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP
55 West 39th Street, 4th Floor
New York, New York 10018 USA
Approximate date of commencement of proposed saleto the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
If any of the securities being registered on thisForm are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 check the following box.☒
If this Form is filed to register additional securitiesfor an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registrationstatement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuantto Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earliereffective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filedpursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number ofthe earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is alarge accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “largeaccelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large acceleratedfiler ☐ ||Accelerated filer ☐|
|Non-accelerated filer ☒ ||Smaller reporting company☒|
| ||Emerging growth company☒|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check markif the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standardsprovided to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ¨
The Registrant hereby amends this RegistrationStatement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment whichspecifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the SecuritiesAct of 1933 or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission acting pursuant to said Section8(a), may determine.
The information in thisprospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securitiesand Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buythese securities in any state or other jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
Subjectto Completion, dated May 12, 2023
22,880,000 Shares of Common Stock
This prospectus relates to the offer and sale from time to time ofup to 22,880,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, by YA II PN, Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempt limited partnership(the “Selling Stockholder”) which may be issued upon conversion of unsecured convertible debentures in the aggregate principalamount of $5,500,000 which the Selling Stockholder agreed to purchase from us in a private placement pursuant to a Securities PurchaseAgreement, dated as of February 28, 2023, that we entered into with the Selling Stockholder.
The convertible debentures consist of two tranches.The first tranche was issued in the principal amount of $2,000,000 (the “First Convertible Debenture”) on February 28, 2023and the second tranche will be issued in the principal amount of $3,500,000 (the “Second Convertible Debenture” and togetherwith the First Convertible Debenture, the “Convertible Debentures”) shortly after the effective date of the registration statementrelated to this prospectus, in each case, to the Selling Stockholder in reliance upon an exemption from the registration requirementsof the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule506 of Regulation D thereunder. Upon the conversion of the Convertible Debentures the shares of common stock offered by this prospectushave been or will be issued in reliance upon an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act pursuant to Section3(a)(9) of the Securities Act. We are registering the offer and resale of the Shares to satisfy our obligations under a registration rightsagreement that we entered into with the Selling Stockholder.
No underwriter or other person has been engaged tofacilitate the sale of the common stock in this offering. The Selling Stockholder may offer all or part of the common stock for resalefrom time to time through public or private transactions, at either prevailing market prices or at privately negotiated prices. The sharesof common stock offered by the Selling Stockholder are being registered to permit the Selling Stockholder to sell such shares from timeto time, in amounts, at prices and on terms determined at the time of offering.
The Selling Stockholder may sell these shares of commonstock through ordinary brokerage transactions, directly to market makers of our common stock or through any other means described in thesection entitled “Plan of Distribution” herein. In connection with any sales of common stock offered hereunder, the SellingStockholder, any underwriters, agents, brokers or dealers participating in such sales may be deemed to be “underwriters” withinthe meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”). We do not know when or in what amounts the SellingStockholder may offer any common stock for sale. The Selling Stockholder may sell any, all or none of the securities offered by this prospectus.All of the common stock offered by the Selling Stockholder pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Stockholder for itsaccount.
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale ofany common stock by the Selling Stockholder. We will pay certain expenses associated with the registration of the securities coveredby this prospectus, as described in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.”
We are an “emerging growth company” asdefined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and are subject to reduced publiccompany reporting requirements. This prospectus complies with the requirements that apply to an issuer that is an emerging growth company.
Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq CapitalMarket (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “TGL.” The last reported sale price of one common share on the Nasdaq on May11, 2023 was $1.58.
We may amend or supplement this prospectus from timeto time by filing amendments or supplements as required by applicable law or regulation. In addition, certain information is incorporatedinto, and made a part of, this prospectus. You should read this entire prospectus and any amendments or supplements, plus all incorporatedinformation carefully before you make your investment decision.
We will bear all costs, expenses and fees in connectionwith the registration of the shares of common stock. The Selling Stockholder will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributableto their sales of the shares of common stock.
Investing in our common stock involves a high degreeof risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 10 of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should beconsidered in connection with an investment in our common stock.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission(“SEC”) nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectusis truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
Prospectus dated [*], 2023
Table of Contents
You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectusor any prospectus supplement or amendment. Neither we, nor the Selling Stockholders, have authorized any other person to provide you withany information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus, any post-effective amendment, or any applicableprospectus supplement prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistentinformation, you should not rely on it. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assuranceas to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. You should assume that the information contained in this prospectus,any post-effective amendment, or any applicable prospectus supplement to this prospectus is accurate only as of the date on its respectivecover, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of our common stock. Our business, financial condition, resultsof operations and prospects may have changed since that date. We are not making an offer of any securities in any jurisdiction in whichsuch offer is unlawful.
No action is being taken in any jurisdiction outsidethe United States to permit a public offering of our common stock or possession or distribution of this prospectus in that jurisdiction.Persons who come into possession of this prospectus in jurisdictions outside the United States are required to inform themselves aboutand to observe any restrictions as to this public offering and the distribution of this prospectus applicable to that jurisdiction.
Throughout this prospectus, unless otherwise designatedor the context suggests otherwise,
| ||● ||all references to the “Company,” “TGI,” the “registrant,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this prospectus mean Treasure Global Inc and its subsidiaries;|
| ||● ||“year” or “fiscal year” means the year ending June 30th;|
| ||● ||all dollar or $ references, when used in this prospectus, refer to United States dollars; and|
| ||● ||all RM or MYR references, when used in this prospectus, refer to Malaysian Ringgit.|
We own or have rights to trademarks, trade names andservice marks that we use in connection with the operation of our business. In addition, our name, logos and website name and addressare our trademarks or service marks. Solely for convenience, in some cases, the trademarks, trade names and service marks referred toin this prospectus are listed without the applicable ®, ™, but we will assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, ourrights to these trademarks, trade names and service marks. Other trademarks, trade names and service marks appearing in this prospectusare the property of their respective owners.
Our common stock is listed on Nasdaq under thesymbols “TGL.” As of May 12, 2023, there were approximately 28 holders of record of our common stock.
This summary provides a brief overview of the keyaspects of our business and our securities. The reader should read the entire prospectus carefully, especially the risks of investingin our common stock discussed under “Risk Factors.” Some of the statements contained in this prospectus, including statementsunder “Summary” and “Risk Factors” as well as those noted in the documents incorporated herein by reference, areforward-looking statements and may involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Our actual results and future events may differ significantlybased upon a number of factors. The reader should not put undue reliance on the forward-looking statements in this document, which speakonly as of the date on the cover of this prospectus.
Solely for convenience, our trademarks and tradenamesreferred to in this registration statement, may appear without the ® or ™ symbols, but such references are not intended to indicatein any way that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights to these trademarks and tradenames. All othertrademarks, service marks and trade names included in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners.
Our mission is to bring together the worlds of onlinee-commerce and offline physical retailers; widening consumer choice and rewarding loyalty, while sustaining and enhancing our earningpotential.
We have created an innovative online-to-offline (“O2O”)e-commerce platform business model offering consumers and merchants instant rebates and affiliate cashback programs, while providing aseamless e-payment solution with rebates in both e-commerce (i.e., online) and physical retailers/merchant (i.e., offline) settings.
Ourproprietary product is an internet application (or “App”) branded “ZCITY App”, which was developed through ourwholly owned subsidiary, Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd. (“GEM”). The ZCITY App was successfully launched in Malaysia in June 2020.GEM is equipped with the know-how and expertise to develop additional/add-on technology-based products and services to complement theZCITY App, thereby growing its reach and user base.
Through simplifying a user’s e-payment gatewayexperience, as well as by providing great deals, rewards and promotions with every use, we aim to make the ZCITY App Malaysia’stop reward and payment gateway platform. Our longer-term goal is for the ZCITY App and its ever-developing technology to become one ofthe most well-known commercialized applications more broadly in Southeast Asia and Japan.
As of March28, 2023, we had over 2,442,319 registered users and over 2,008 registered merchants.
Our Consumer Business
SEA consumers have access to a plethora of smart ordering,delivery and “loyalty” websites and apps, but in our experience, SEA consumers very rarely receive personalized deals basedon their purchases and behavior.
The ZCITY App targets consumers by providing personalizeddeals based on consumers’ purchase history, location and preferences. Our technology platform allows us to identify the spendingtrends of our customers (the when, where, why, and how much). We are able to offer these personalized deals through the application ofour proprietary artificial intelligence (or “AI”) technology that scours the available database to identify and create opportunitiesto extrapolate the greatest value from the data, analyze consumer behavior and roll out attractive rewards-based campaigns for targetedaudiences. We believe this AI technology is currently a unique market differentiator for the ZCITY App.
We operate our ZCITY App on the hashtag: “#RewardsOnRewards”.We believe this branding demonstrates to users the ability to spend ZCITY App-based Reward Points (or “RP”) and “ZCITYCash Vouchers” with discount benefits at checkout. Additionally, users can use RP while they earn rewards from selected e-Walletor other payment methods.
ZCITY App users do not require any on-going credittop-up or need to provide bank card number with their binding obligations. We have partnered with Malaysia’s leading payment gateway,IPAY88, for secure and convenient transactions. Users can use our secure platform and enjoy cashless shopping experiences with rebateswhen they shop with e-commerce and retail merchants through trusted and leading e-wallet providers such as Touch’n Go eWallet, BoosteWallet, GrabPay eWallet and credit card/online banking like the “FPX” (the Malaysian Financial Process Exchange) as wellas more traditional providers such as Visa and Mastercard.
Our ZCITY App also provides the following functions:
| ||1. ||Registration and Account verification|
Users may register as a ZCITY App user simplyby using their mobile device. They can then verify their ZCITY App account by submitting a valid email address to receive new user “ZCITYNewbie Rewards”.
| ||2. ||Geo-location-based Homepage|
Based on users’ location, nearby merchantsand exclusive offers are selected and directed to them on their homepage for a smooth, user-friendly interaction.
Our ZCITY App is affiliated with more than5 local services providers such as Shopee and Lazada. The ZCITY App allows users to enjoy more rewards when they navigate from the ZCITYApp to a partner’s website.
| ||4. ||Bill Payment & Prepaid service|
Users can access and pay utility bills,such as water, phone, internet and TV bills, while generating instant discounts and rewards points with each payment.
Users can purchase their preferred e-Voucherswith instant discounts and rewards points with each checkout.
| ||6. ||User Engagement through Gamification|
Users can earn daily rewards by playingour ZCITY App minigame “Spin & Win” where they can earn further ZCITY RP, ZCITY e-Vouchers as well as monthly grand prizes.
Users can make cashless donations throughour ZCITY App to the Kentang Charity, which we have collaborated with, or apply donations to other charitable entities.
| ||8. ||TAZTE Smart F&B system|
ZCITY App offers a “Smart F&B”system that provides a one stop solution and digitalization transformation for all registered Food and Beverage (“F&B”)outlets located in Malaysia. It also allows merchants to easily record transactions with QR Digital Payment technology, set discountsand execute RP redemptions and rewards online on the ZCITY App
Zstore is ZCITY App’s e-mall servicethat offers group-buys and instant rebate to users with embedded AI and big data analytics to provide an express shopping experience.
Reward Points. Operating under the hashtag#RewardsOnRewards, we believe the ZCITY App reward points program encourages users to signup on the App, as well as increasing user engagement and spending on purchases/repeat purchases and engenders user loyalty.
Furthermore, we believe the simplicity of the stepsto obtaining Reward Points (or “RP”) is an attractive incentive to user participation in that participants receive:
| ||● ||200 RP for registration as a new user;|
| ||● ||100 RP for referral of a new user;|
| ||● ||Conversion of Malaysian ringgit spent into RP;|
| ||● ||50% RP of every referred user paid amount as a result of the referral; and|
| ||● ||Spin & Win eligibility to receive RP (which may be “doubled up” when participants share the Spin & Win program on social media).|
The key objectives of our RP are:
RPare offered to users for increased social engagement.
RPincentivizes users with every MYR spent in order to increase the spending potential and to build users loyalty.
Drivesloyalty and greater customer engagement. Every new user onboarded will get 200 RP as a welcoming gift.
Rewardsusers with RP when they refer a new user
When using our ZCITY App to make payment to a registeredphysical merchant, the system will automatically calculate the amount of RP to deduct. The deducted RP amount is based on the percentageof profit sharing as with the merchant and the available RP of the user.
When using our ZCITY App to pay utility bills or purchase any e-vouchers,our system shows the maximum RP deduction allowed and the user determines the amount of discount deducted subject to maximum deductionsdescribed below and the number of RP owned by such user.
Different features have different maximum deductionamounts. For example, for bill payments, the maximum deduction is up to 3% of the bill amount. For e-vouchers, the maximum deduction isup to 5% of the voucher amount.
In order to increase the spending power of the user,our ZCITY App RP program will credit RP to the user for all MYR paid.
Merchant Facing Business
At present, our ZCITY merchants are concentrated inthe F&B and lifestyle sectors. Moving forward, we plan to expand our product/service offering to include grocery stores, conveniencestores, “micro-SME” (“small to medium size enterprises”), loan programs, affiliate programsand advertising agencies.
We believe that ZCITY’s TAZTE Smart F&BSystem, which we launched in fourth quarter of 2022, will provide merchants with a one-stop automated solution to digitalize their business.It will offer an innovative and integrated technology ecosystem that addresses and personalizes each merchant’s technological needsand will be at the forefront of creating a smart consumer experience, thereby eliminating conventional and outdated standalone point ofsale (or “POS”) systems.
TAZTE will allow merchants to effortlessly recordtransactions with online payment or QR digital payment technology, set discounts and execute RP redemptions and rewards online, all viaour ZCITY App. It utilizes ZCITY App’s CRM analytics software to attract and retain consumers through personalized, data-drivenengagement to generate greater profitability.
TAZTE Smart F&B System will also feature a ‘DevicelessQueue System’ that reduces staff headcount and a private domain delivery service that will allow merchants access to multiple dedicateddelivery partners to ensure outstanding delivery service to consumers.
ZCITY’s revenues are generated froma diversified mix of:
| ||● ||e-commerce activities for users;|
| ||● ||services to merchants to help them grow their businesses; and|
| ||● ||membership subscription fees.|
The revenue streams consist of “Consumer Facing”revenues and “Merchant Facing” revenues.
The revenue streams can be further categorized asfollowing: (1) loyalty program revenue, (2) transaction revenue, (3) agent subscription revenue, and (4) member subscription revenue.Please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis ̶ Revenue Recognition included in the Company’s Quarterly Reporton Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2022 and filed with the SEC on February 14, 2023”.
Our principal executive offices are located at 276 5th Avenue,Suite 704 #739, New York, New York 10001 and No.29, Jalan PPU 2A, Taman PerindustrianPusat Bandar Puchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor, Malaysia. Our corporate website address is https://treasureglobal.co. Our ZCITYwebsite address is https://zcity.io.
Asof December 31, 2022, management has determined there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.For details on this determination, see “Note 2 to our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Item1 of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2022.”
| ||● ||Equity financing to support its working capital;|
| ||● ||Other available sources of financing (including debt) from Malaysian banks and other financial institutions; and|
| ||● ||Financial support and credit guarantee commitments from the Company’s related parties.|
There can be no assurance that the Company will besuccessful in securing sufficient funds to sustain its operations.
Private Placement of Convertible Debentures
Terms of the Convertible Debentures
On February 28, 2023, we entered into the SecuritiesPurchase Agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with the Selling Stockholder, pursuant to which the Selling Stockholderagreed to purchase the Convertible Debentures, in the aggregate principal amount of up to $5,500,000 in a private placement (the “PrivatePlacement”) for a purchase price with respect to each Convertible Debenture of 92% of the initial principal amount of such ConvertibleDebenture. The purchase by the Selling Stockholder of the First Convertible Debenture which has an initial issuance principal amount of$2,000,000 occurred on February 28, 2023 for a purchase price of $1,840,000 and the closing of the purchase of the Second ConvertibleDebenture which will have an initial issuance a principal amount of $3,500,000 will occur shortly after the registration statement relatedto this prospectus being declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for a purchase price of$3,220,000. The total purchase price paid to us by the Selling Stockholder for the Convertible Debentures in the Private Placement willbe $5,060,000. Prior to the execution of the Securities Purchase Agreement and the issuance of the First Convertible Debenture, we paidthe Selling Stockholder a one-time $20,000 due diligence and structuring fee.
Each Convertible Debenture accrues or will accrueinterest on its full outstanding principal amount at 4% per annum and has a 12-month term. Assuming no conversions, prepayments or eventsof default have been made on or occurred with respect to the First Convertible Debenture, on the maturity date thereof, interest of $80,000shall have accrued and be payable on the First Convertible Debenture. Upon the occurrence and continuance of an Event of Default (as definedbelow) with respect to any Convertible Debenture, its per annum interest rate will increase to 15%. As of May 8, no Event of Default hasoccurred under the First Convertible Debenture. Assuming an Event of Default under the First Convertible Debenture does occur on May 28,2023, and default interest begins to accrue on such date, if the holder did not elect to accelerate repayment or convert any portion ofthe First Convertible Debenture, accrued interest payable thereon at maturity would be $245,000. With respect to the Second ConvertibleDebenture, assuming no conversion, prepayment or an Events of Default has been made or occurred with respect thereto, on the maturitydate thereof, interest of $140,000 shall have accrued and be payable. Upon the occurrence and continuance of an Event of Default underthe Second Convertible Debenture, its per annum interest rate will increase to 15%. Assuming an Event of Default under the Second ConvertibleDebenture does occur immediately after its issuance, default interest begins to accrue at such time and the holder does not elect to acceleraterepayment or convert any portion of the Second Convertible Debenture, accrued interest payable thereon at maturity would be approximately$525,000.
“Eventof Default” means with respect to any Convertible Debenture: (i) the Company’s failure to pay to amounts due under suchConvertible Debenture; (ii) the Company or any subsidiary of the Company is subject to bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding or similarproceeding and such proceedings remain undismissed for a period of sixty one (61) days; (iii) the Company or any subsidiary of theCompany shall default in any of its payment obligations under any debenture, mortgage, credit agreement or other facility, indentureagreement, factoring agreement or other instrument under which there may be issued, or by which there may be secured or evidenced anyindebtedness for borrowed money or money due under any long term leasing or factoring arrangement of the Company in an amount exceeding$100,000 and such default shall result in the full amount of such indebtedness becoming or being declared due and payable and such defaultis not thereafter cured within five (5) Business Days; (iv) the Company’s common stock shall cease to be quoted or listedfor trading, as applicable, on any national exchange for a period of ten (10) consecutive trading days; (v) the Company shall be a partyto certain change of control transactions (unless in connection with such change of control transaction such Convertible Debenture isretired; (vi) the Company’s (A) failure to deliver required number of shares of common stock as required under such ConvertibleDebenture or (B) notice, written or oral, to any holder of such Convertible Debenture of the Company’s intention not to complywith a request for conversion of such Convertible Debenture; (vii) the Company shall fail for any reason to deliver the paymentin cash pursuant to a Buy-In (as defined in the Convertible Debenture) within five (5) Business Days after such payment is due; (viii) theCompany’s failure to timely file with the SEC any of its periodic reports and such default is not thereafter cured within five(5) business days; (ix) any representation or warranty made or deemed to be made by or on behalf of the Company in or in connectionwith such Convertible Debenture or any of the other documents related to the Private Placement, or any waiver hereunder or thereunder,shall prove to have been incorrect in any material respect (or, in the case of any such representation or warranty already qualifiedby materiality, such representation or warranty shall prove to have been incorrect) when made or deemed made; (x) any material provisionof any Transaction Document, at any time after its execution and delivery and for any reason other than as expressly permitted hereunderor thereunder, ceases to be in full force and effect; or the Company or any other person or entity contests in writing the validity orenforceability of any provision of any Convertible Debenture or any of the other documents related to the Private Placement; or the Companydenies in writing that it has any or further liability or obligation under any Convertible Debenture or any of the other documents relatedto the Private Placement, or purports in writing to revoke, terminate (other than in line with the relevant termination provisions) orrescind any Convertible Debenture or any of the other documents related to the Private Placement; (xi) the Company uses the proceedsof the issuance of such Convertible Debenture, whether directly or indirectly, and whether immediately, incidentally or ultimately, topurchase or carry margin stock (within the meaning of Regulations T, U and X of the Federal Reserve Board, as in effectfrom time to time and all official rulings and interpretations thereunder or thereof), or to extend credit to others for the purposeof purchasing or carrying margin stock or to refund indebtedness originally incurred for such purpose; or (xii) any Event of Default(as defined in the other Convertible Denture or in any other documents related to the Private Placement) occurs with respect to any otherConvertible Debenture, or any breach of any material term of any other debenture, note, or instrument held by the holder of such ConvertibleDebenture in the Company or any agreement between or among the Company and such holder; or (xiii) the Company shall fail to observe orperform any material covenant, agreement or warranty contained in, or otherwise commit any material breach or default of any provisionof such Convertible Debenture (except as may be covered by another Event of Default) or any other any other document related to the PrivatePlacement) which is not cured or remedied within the time prescribed or if no time is prescribed within ten (10) business days of notificationthereof.
Ifany Event of Default has occurs under a Convertible Debenture (other than an event with respect to a bankruptcy or insolvency), at theSelling Stockholder election, all amounts owing in respect thereof, to the date of acceleration shall become immediately due and payablein cash; provided that, in the case of a bankruptcy or insolvency of the Company, all amounts owing in respect thereof, to the date ofacceleration shall automatically become immediately due and payable in cash, in each case without presentment, demand, protest or othernotice of any kind, all of which are hereby waived by the Company. The Selling Stockholder will also have the right to convert such ConvertibleDebenture at the applicable conversion price.
TheConvertible Debentures provide a conversion right, in which any portion of the principal amount of the Convertible Debentures, togetherwith any accrued but unpaid interest, may be converted into our common stock at a conversion price equal to the lower of (i) $1.6204(the “Fixed Price”) or (ii) 93% of the lowest daily volume weighted average price (the “VWAP”) of the commonstock during the ten (10) trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion (but not lower than a floor price of $0.25).
Ifa Trigger Event occurs, then the Company shall make monthly payments beginning on the 10th calendar day after the date onwhich a Trigger Event occurs and then on the same day of each successive calendar month. Each monthly payment shall be in an amount equalto the sum of (i) the lesser of (x) $1,000,000 and (y) the outstanding principal of the Convertible Debentures (the “TriggeredPrincipal Amount”), plus (ii) a redemption premium of 7% of such Triggered Principal Amount, plus (iii) accrued and unpaidinterest hereunder as of each payment date. The obligation of the Company to make monthly payments shall cease if any time after theTrigger Date the daily VWAP is greater than the Floor Price for a period of 5 of 7 consecutive Trading Days in the event of a Floor PriceTrigger unless a new Trigger Event occurs.
“TriggerEvent” means the daily VWAP is less than the $0.25 for five Trading Days during a period of any 5 of 7 consecutive trading days.
Underthe Convertible Debentures, the Company has the right, but not the obligation, to redeem (“Optional Redemption”) early aportion or all amounts outstanding under the Convertible Debentures; provided that (i) the closing price of the Company’scommon stock on the date of such Optional Redemption is less than $1.6204 and (ii) the Company provides the Holder with at least 5 businessdays’ prior written notice (each, a “Redemption Notice”) of its desire to exercise an Optional Redemption. The “RedemptionAmount” shall be equal to the outstanding Principal balance being redeemed by the Company, plus a 10% premium on the principalamount being redeemed, plus all accrued and unpaid interest. If we elect to redeem the full $5,500,0000 principal amount of the ConvertibleDebentures, such premium payable will equal $550,000.
Theregistration statement of which this prospectus forms a part registers the resale by the Selling Stockholder of up to 22,880,000 sharesof common stock that can be issuable upon the conversion of the Convertible Debentures. The number of shares being registered was calculatedby dividing (x) the sum of the aggregate principal amount of Convertible Debentures ($5,500,000) plus one year of accrued interest onthe Convertible Debentures ($220,000) by (y) the conversion floor price ($0.25), which is the lowest possible conversion price pursuantto the terms of the Convertible Debentures. As of February 28, 2023 (the date of the initial issuance of the Convertible Debentures),the total value of the 22,880,000 shares of common stock being registered was $35,692,800.
PotentialCharges to the Company Under the Convertible Debentures
Shortlyafter the effectiveness of the registration statement related to this prospectus, we will have sold an aggregate of $5,500,000 of theConvertible Debentures and received a purchase price of $5,060,000 from the Selling Stockholder. The total charges paid to theholder of a Convertible Debenture during its term will depend on the amount converted and whether or not an Event of Default occurs andis continuing. If no conversions or events of default occur on the Convertible Debentures, we will incur charges of $1,230,000 on grossproceeds of $5,500,000. These charges include (i) $440,000 of original issue discount (“OID”); $220,000 of accrued interest(at 4% per annum); (iii) $550,000 cash redemption premium payable in respect of Optional Redemptions and (iv) $20,000 due diligence andstructuring fee. This represents annualized interest of approximately 24.3% on gross proceeds of $5,060,000. If an Event of Default doesoccur on May 28, 2023, and default interest accrues on the Convertible Debentures from such date as described above under “—Termsof the Convertible Debentures” the accrued interest charge would increase from $220,000 to $673,750. The actual amount of interestaccrued interest charges and redemption premium charges could be less depending on the actual amount and timing of redemptions and conversions.
Ifwe fail to convert the Convertible Debentures and issue the applicable shares of our common stock to the Selling Stockholder within threetrading days after we receive a conversion notice from the Selling Stockholder, and if on or after the date on which such shares of commonstock are required to be issued, the Selling Stockholder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) our common stock to deliverin satisfaction of a sale by the Selling Stockholder of our common stock that was issuable upon such conversion (a “Buy-In”),then the Company shall be required if requested by the Selling Stockholder to pay cash to the Selling Stockholder in an amount equalto the Selling Stockholder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions and other out of pocket expenses, if any) forthe shares of our common stock so purchased. We do not anticipate any Buy-Ins and view any occurrence of a Buy-In as unlikely.
The followingtable sets out the payments we have made and may have to make (other than in the unlikely event of a Buy-In) in connection with the saleof $5,500,000 of Convertible Debentures.
| || ||No Event of Default|
| || ||Event of Default |
|OID|| ||$||440,000||(1)|| ||$||440,000||(1)|
|Interest Payments (2)|| ||$||220,000||(3)|| ||$||673,750||(4)|
|Due Diligence Fee|| ||$||20,000|| || ||$||20,000|| |
|Redemption Premium (6)|| ||$||550,000||(5)|| ||$||550,000||(5)|
|Total:|| ||$||1,230,000|| || ||$||1,683,750|| |
|(1) ||$160,000 for the First Convertible Denture and $280,000 for the Second Convertible Debenture.|
| || |
|(2) ||Each Convertible Debenture matures on the one-year anniversary date of the issuance of such Convertible Debenture and bears interest at a rate of 4% per annum on its outstanding principal amount and in case of an Event of Default that is continuing its interest rate increases to 15% per annum|
| || |
|(3) ||$80,000 for the First Convertible Denture and $140,000 for the Second Convertible Debenture.|
|(4) ||Assumes Default interest accrues from May 28,2023. $245,000 for the First Convertible Denture and $428,750 for the Second Convertible Debenture. Calculated as follows: for the Frist Convertible Debenture, $2,000,000 x .04 x 3/12 plus $2,000,000 x .15 x 9/12 and for the Second Convertible Debenture, $3,500,000 x .04 x 3/12 plus $3,500,000 x .15 x 9/12|
|(5) ||$200,000 for the First Convertible Denture and $350,000 for the Second Convertible Debenture.|
Assumes 100% of the principal on the Convertible Debentures is redeemed pursuant to one or more Optional Redemptions. The redemption premium is based on 10% of the $5,500,000 aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Dentures and not their aggregate purchase price. The redemption premium of 7% payable on Triggered Principal Amounts as described under “--Terms of the Convertible Debentures” is not included because the redemption premium payable on a redemption of the principal of a Convertible Debenture results in each case from either an Optional Redemption or a Trigger Event, but not both and the redemption premium payable in respect of a Trigger Event is lower than the redemption premium payable in respect of an Optional Redemption. If 100% of the principal on the Convertible Debentures became Triggered Principal Amounts (which could only happen if no Optional Redemptions occur), the redemption premium payable would be $385,000.
Apart from the amountsdiscussed above, we have not made, and do not need to make (other than amounts payable to the Selling Stockholder in the unlikely eventof a Buy-In), any payments to the Selling Shareholder under the Convertible Debentures or otherwise in connection with the Private Placement.
Purchase Price ofthe Convertible Debentures Received by the Company Compared to Potential Charges
The following sets forththe gross proceeds paid or payable to us in connection with our issuance of the Convertible Debentures, all payments that have been madeor that may be required to be made by us in connection with the issuance of the Convertible Debentures, our resulting net proceeds andthe combined total possible profit to be realized as a result of any conversion discounts regarding the shares underlying the ConvertibleDebentures.
| || |
No Event of Default occurs
| ||Event of Default Occurs|
|Initial principal amount of the Convertible Debentures|| ||$||5,500,000|| || ||$||5,500,000|| |
|Purchase price of the Convertible Debentures (proceeds to the Company)|| ||$||5,060,000|| || ||$||5,060,000|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
All payments that have been made or that may be required to be made by the Company to
the Selling Stockholder in connection with the Private Placement
| ||$||1,230,000|| || ||$||1,683,750|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
|Net proceeds to the Company if we make all such payments to the Selling Shareholder || ||$||4,270,000|| || ||$||3,816,250|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
All payments that have been made or that may be required to be made by the Company to
the Selling Stockholder as a percentage of the purchase price
| || ||24.3||%|| || ||33.3||%|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Profit to be realized as a result of conversion discounts (1) || ||$|
| || || ||N/A || |
| || || || || || || || || |
Profit on conversions as a percentage of the purchase price of the Convertible
| || ||24.3||%|| || ||N/A ||%|
|(1) ||As calculated under the section headed “Selling Stockholder--Potential Conversion Profits to Selling Shareholder--Scenario2. Conversion on May 1, 2023” we have assumed the issuance of the Second Convertible Debenture on the date of the SecuritiesPurchase Agreement and used May 1, 2023, as the conversion date for all principal and interest under both Convertible Debentures. Actualprofit resulting from the conversion discount cannot be calculated until the actual conversion occurs as the conversion price dependson market prices during the 10 trading days before conversion, and actual profit may be significantly greater.|
Initial Public Offering
On August 15, 2022, we consummated our initialpublic offering of 2.3 million shares of our common stock and received approximately $8.2 million in net proceeds from the initial publicoffering after deducting the underwriting discount and commission and other initial public offering expenses. In connection with our initialpublic offering we also issued 4,442,865 shares of our common stock which included (i) 1,403,083 shares of our common stock that wereissued upon the listing of our common stock on Nasdaq as a result of the automatic conversion of our convertible notes; (ii) 2,756,879 shares of our common stock that were issued upon the closing of our initial public offering of our common stock as a result of the automaticconversion of the amounts due under the loan facilities using the conversion price of $3.20 per share; (iii) 109,833 shares issued toExchange Listing, LLC, pursuant to anti-dilution protection provided to them in their consulting agreement and (iv) 15,927 shares of ourcommon stock that were issued to Space Capital Berhad as a fee under their note. We also issued the underwriters warrants to purchasea total of 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The warrants are exercisable at any time at an exercise price of $5.00per share and expire on the fifth anniversary of the commencement of sales under the initial public offering.
Summary Risk Factors
Our business is subject to a number of risks. Youshould be aware of these risks before making an investment decision. These risks are summarized and discussed more fully in the “SummaryRisk Factors” and “Risk Factors” sections of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with theSEC and incorporated by reference into this prospectus. This offering and the ownership of our common stock is subject to a number ofrisks. You should be aware of these risks before making an investment decision. These risks are discussed more fully in the “RiskFactor section of this Prospectus. These risks include, among others, that:
| ||● ||A large number of shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of the Convertible Debentures may be soldin the market, which may depress the market price of our common stock and substantially dilute stockholders’ voting power;|
| ||● ||If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline;|
| ||● ||We may not be able to continue to satisfy listing requirements of Nasdaq to maintain a listing of our common stock;|
| ||● ||If there is no viable public market for our common stock, you may be unable to sell your shares at or above your purchase price;|
Our principal executive offices are located at 2765th Avenue, Suite 704 #739, New York, New York 10001 and No.29, Jalan PPU 2A, Taman Perindustrian Pusat Bandar Puchong, 47100Puchong, Selangor, Malaysia. Our corporate website address is https://treasureglobal.co. Our ZCITY website address is https://zcity.io.Theinformation included on our websites is not part of this prospectus.
Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company
We are an “emerging growth company,” asdefined in the Jobs Act. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (i) the last day of the fiscal year followingthe fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of our common stock pursuant to an effective registration statement under the SecuritiesAct; (ii) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.235 billion or more; (iii) the date on whichwe have issued more than $1 billion in nonconvertible debt during the previous three years; or (iv) the date on which we are deemed tobe a large accelerated filer under applicable SEC rules. We expect that we will remain an emerging growth company for the foreseeablefuture, but cannot retain our emerging growth company status indefinitely and will no longer qualify as an emerging growth company onor before the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of our common stock pursuant toan effective registration statement under the Securities Act. For so long as we remain an emerging growth company, we are permitted andintend to rely on exemptions from specified disclosure requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerginggrowth companies.
These exemptions include:
|●||being permitted to provide only two years of audited financialstatements, in addition to any required unaudited interim financial statements, with correspondingly reduced “Management’sDiscussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” disclosure;|
|●||not being required to comply with the requirement of auditorattestation of our internal controls over financial reporting;|
|●||not being required to comply with any requirement that may beadopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’sreport providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements;|
|●||reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation;and|
|●||not being required to hold a nonbinding advisory vote on executivecompensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.|
We have taken advantage of certain reduced reportingrequirements in this prospectus. Accordingly, the information contained herein may be different than the information you receive fromother public companies in which you hold stock.
An emerging growth company can take advantage of theextended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards.This allows an emerging growth company to delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise applyto private companies. We have irrevocably elected to avail ourselves of this extended transition period and, as a result, we will notbe required to adopt new or revised accounting standards on the dates on which adoption of such standards is required for other publicreporting companies.
We are also a “smaller reporting company”as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and have elected to takeadvantage of certain of the scaled disclosure available for smaller reporting companies.
|SUMMARY OF THE OFFERING |
| || |
|Common stock offered by the Selling Stockholder ||22,880,000 shares.|
| || |
|Selling Stockholder ||YA II PN, Ltd.|
| || |
|Use of Proceeds ||We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by the Selling Stockholder.|
| || |
|Nasdaq symbol for our common stock ||TGL|
| || |
|Risk Factors ||You should carefully consider the information set forth in this prospectusand, in particular, the specific factors set forth in the “Risk Factors” section beginning on page 10 of this prospectusand under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 that isincorporated by reference into this prospectus before deciding whether or not to invest in shares of our common stock.|
Investing in our securities involves a highdegree of risk. Before making an investment decision with respect to our securities, we urge you to carefully consider the risks describedin the “Risk Factors” sections of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC and incorporated by referenceinto this prospectus. In addition, the following risk factors present material risks and uncertainties associated with this offering.The risks and uncertainties incorporated by reference into this prospectus or described below are not the only ones we face. Additionalrisks and uncertainties not presently known or which we consider immaterial as of the date hereof may also have an adverse effect on ourbusiness. If any of the matters discussed in the following risk factors were to occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations,cash flows or prospects could be materially and adversely affected, the market price of our common stock could decline and you could loseall or part of your investment in our securities.
Risks Related to this Offering and Ownership ofour Common Stock
A large number of shares of our common stockissuable upon conversion of the Convertible Debentures may be sold in the market, which may depress the market price of our common stockand substantially dilute stockholders’ voting power.
A total of 22,880,000 shares of common stock issuableupon conversion of the Convertible Debentures is being registered for resale by the Selling Stockholder, subject to the limitation thatthe Selling Stockholder may not convert those securities to the extent that the Selling Stockholder would own more than 4.99% of our outstandingcommon stock immediately after conversion. However, this limitation does not prevent the Selling Stockholder from selling shares of ourcommon stock and then receive additional shares of our common stock through a subsequent conversion. In this way, the selling stockholdercould acquire and sell more than 4.99% of the outstanding common stock in a relatively short time frame while never holding more than4.99% at one time. Further since the exercise price under the Convertible Debentures is based on market prices of our common stock duringthe ten trading days prior to each conversion, declines in the market price of our common stock down to the conversion floor price ($0.25per share) result in, subject to the floor price, higher conversion rates and consequently higher rates of dilution to stockholders foreach dollar of principal of a Convertible Debenture being converted during such declines. As of May 12, 2023 there were 17,573,830 sharesof common stock outstanding and 11,235,348 shares of common stock owned by non-affiliates. Sales of a substantial number of shares ofour common stock in the public markets could depress the market price of our common stock, cause substantial dilution to stockholders’voting power and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. If all 22,880,000 shares of commonstock that could potentially be underlying the Convertible Debentures are issued, the percentage of our common stock held by the existingnon-affiliate stockholders would be reduced from approximately 63.9% to approximately 27.7%. We cannot predict the effect that futuresales of our common stock by the Selling Stockholder or others would have on the market price of our common stock.
Investors who buy the common stock at differenttimes will likely pay different prices and may experience different levels of dilution.
If and when the Selling Stockholder elects tosell shares of our common stock after conversion of the Convertible Debentures at the discounted conversion price, the Selling Stockholdermay resell all, some or none of such shares at any time or from time to time in its discretion and at different prices. As illustratedunder “Selling Stockholder—Potential Conversion Profits to Selling Stockholder” changes in market price conditionswill affect the conversion price, subject to the conversion floor price of $0.25 and the maximum conversion price of $1.6204, or the FixedPrice, and the conversion price will determine the profit relative to the market price of our common stock on the conversion date achievedby the Selling Stockholder. The amount of profit achieved by the Selling Stockholder on conversions of the Convertible Debentures maybe a factor in the price the Selling Stockholder is willing to sell our common stock. As a result, investors who purchase shares fromthe Selling Stockholder in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices for those shares, and so may experience differentlevels of dilution and in some cases substantial dilution and different outcomes in their investment results. Moreover, if the marketprice of our common stock exceeds the maximum conversion price of $1.6204, further increases in the price of our common stock would increasethe profitability of conversions by the Selling Stockholders and the amount of profit that can be obtained by the Selling Stockholderfrom conversions would be unlimited if our common stock price continued to increase. Any investor who purchases shares from the SellingStockholder at a price that that is in excess of the maximum conversion price will experience immediate and possibly significant dilutionin the book value of their shares depending on the amount of such excess. Investors may also experience a decline in the value of theshares they purchase from the Selling Stockholder in this offering as a result of future sales made by us to the Selling Stockholder atprices lower than the prices such investors paid for their shares in this offering. In addition, if we issue a substantial number of sharesto the Selling Stockholder under the Convertible Debentures, or if investors expect that the Selling Stockholder will require more conversions,the actual issuance of shares or the mere existence of the Convertible Debentures may make it more difficult for us to sell equity orequity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect such sales.
The Occurrence of a Trigger Event or anEvent of Default under a Convertible Debenture could lead to increased amounts payable under the Convertible Debentures and could causean acceleration of the Convertible Debentures and materially and adversely affect our operations.
If the price of our company stock closes at aprice of less than $0.25 on 5 of 7 consecutive trading days, a Trigger Even will have occurred and will be required to pay, on a monthlybasis, to the Selling Stockholder the Trigger Premium Amount, a 7% redemption premium and accrued and unpaid interest on the ConvertibleDebentures. The Events of Default contained in the Convertible Debentures (as described under “Prospectus Summary—PrivatePlacement of the Convertible Debentures—Terms of the Convertible Debentures”) are customary events of default with accelerationrights. If an event of default occurs and is continuing , the per annum interest rate on the Convertible Debentures will increase from4% to 15 % and the Selling Stockholder will be entitled to declare the full unpaid principal amount of the Convertible Debentures, togetherwith interest and other amounts owing in respect thereof, immediately due and payable in cash; provided that an Event of Default thatoccurs because of the bankruptcy or insolvency of the Company shall be automatic. If a Trigger Event, an Event of Default or both occur,our costs related to the Convertible Debentures could substantially increase and we may not have the funds required to repay the SellingStockholder the accelerated amounts due under the Convertible Debentures, which could lead to the Selling Stockholder to take action againstthe Company such as commencing litigation which could have material adverse effects on our business and prospects.
Stockholders may experience future dilutionas a result of this and future equity offerings.
In order to raise additional capital, we may in thefuture offer additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock. Investorspurchasing our shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing common stockholders, and the price pershare at which we sell additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stockin future transactions may be higher or lower than the price per share in this offering.
If securities or industry analysts donot publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our common stock will dependin part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. Several analysts may coverour stock. If one or more of those analysts downgrade our stock or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, ourstock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of our company or fail to publish reports on us regularly,demand for our stock could decrease, which might cause our stock price and trading volume to decline.
We may not be able to continue to satisfylisting requirements of Nasdaq to maintain a listing of our common stock.
Our common stock is currently listed on Nasdaq andwe must meet certain financial and liquidity criteria to maintain such listing. If we violate the maintenance requirements for continuedlisting of our common stock, our common stock may be delisted. In addition, our board may determine that the cost of maintaining our listingon a national securities exchange outweighs the benefits of such listing. A delisting of our common stock from Nasdaq may materially impairour stockholders’ ability to buy and sell our common stock and could have an adverse effect on the market price of, and the efficiencyof the trading market for, our common stock. In addition, the delisting of our common stock could significantly impair our ability toraise capital.
If there is no viable public market for ourcommon stock, you may be unable to sell your shares at or above your purchase price.
Although our common stock is listed on Nasdaq, anactive trading market for our shares may not be sustained following the purchase of your common stock. You may be unable to sell yourshares quickly or at the market price if trading in shares of our common stock is not active. Further, an inactive market may also impairour ability to raise capital by selling shares of our common stock and may impair our ability to enter into strategic partnerships oracquire companies or products by using our shares of common stock as consideration.
SPECIALNOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains “forward-looking statements.”Forward-looking statements reflect the current view about future events. When used in this prospectus, the words “anticipate,”“believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” orthe negative of these terms and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Suchstatements, include, but are not limited to, statements contained in this prospectus relating to our business strategy, our future operatingresults and liquidity and capital resources outlook. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptionsregarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward–looking statements relate to the future, they aresubject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materiallyfrom those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees of assuranceof future performance. We caution you therefore against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that couldcause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, without limitation:
| ||● ||Our ability to effectively operate our business segments;|
| ||● ||Our ability to manage our research, development, expansion, growth and operating expenses;|
| ||● ||Our ability to evaluate and measure our business, prospects and performance metrics;|
| ||● ||Our ability to compete, directly and indirectly, and succeed in a highly competitive and evolving industry;|
| ||● ||Our ability to respond and adapt to changes in technology and customer behavior;|
| ||● ||Our ability to protect our intellectual property and to develop, maintain and enhance a strong brand; and|
| ||● ||Other factors (including the risks contained in the section of this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors”) relating to our industry, our operations and results of operations.|
Should one or more of these risks or uncertaintiesmaterialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed,estimated, expected, intended or planned.
Factors or events that could cause our actual resultsto differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We cannot guarantee future results, levelsof activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, wedo not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of common stock by the Sellingstockholder.
The Selling Stockholders will pay any underwritingdiscounts and commissions and expenses incurred by them for brokerage, accounting, tax or legal services or any other expenses incurredby them in disposing of the shares. We will bear all other costs, fees and expenses incurred in effecting the registration of the sharescovered by this prospectus, including, without limitation, all registration and filing fees and fees and expenses of our counsel and ouraccountants.
MARKET FORCOMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Marketunder the symbol “TGL.”
As of May 12, 2023, 17,573,830 shares of our commonstock were issued and outstanding and were held by 28 stockholders of record.
We also have outstanding:
| ||● ||Warrants to purchase 100,000 shares of our common stock issued to the underwriter in our initial public offering. The warrant has an exercise price of $5.00 per share.|
We have not declared any cash dividends since inceptionand we do not anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. Instead, we anticipate that all of our earnings will be usedto provide working capital, to support our operations, and to finance the growth and development of our business. The payment of dividendsis within the discretion of the Board and will depend on our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition, prospects, applicableDelaware law, which provides that dividends are only payable out of surplus or current net profits, and other factors our Board mightdeem relevant. There are no restrictions that currently limit our ability to pay dividends on our common stock other than those generallyimposed by applicable state law.
This prospectus relates to the resale of up to22,880,000 shares of our common stock by the Selling Stockholder, which may be issued upon the conversion of the Convertible Debentures.See the section entitled “Prospectus Summary—Recent Developments—Private Placement of Convertible Debentures”for more information regarding the issuance of the Convertible Debentures. We are registering the shares of common stock included in thisprospectus pursuant to the provisions of the Registration Rights Agreement, permitting the Selling Stockholder to offer the shares ofcommon stock included in this prospectus for resale from time to time.
The table below presents information regardingthe Selling Stockholder and the shares of common stock that may be resold by the Selling Stockholder from time to time under this prospectus.This table is prepared based on information supplied to us by the Selling Stockholder, and reflects holdings as of May 12, 2023. The numberof shares in the column “Maximum Number of Shares Being Offered” represents all of the shares of common stock being offeredfor resale by the Selling Stockholder under this prospectus. The Selling Stockholder may sell some, all or none of the shares of commonstock being offered for resale in this offering. We do not know how long the Selling Stockholder will hold the shares of common stockbefore selling them, and we are not aware of any existing arrangements between the Selling Stockholder and any other stockholder, broker,dealer, underwriter or agent relating to the sale or distribution of the shares of our common stock being offered for resale by this prospectus.
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordancewith Rule 13d-3(d) promulgated by the SEC under the Exchange Act, and includes shares of common stock with respect to whichthe Selling Stockholder has sole or shared voting and investment power. The percentage of shares of common stock beneficially ownedby the Selling Stockholder prior to the offering shown in the table below is based on an aggregate of 17,573,830 shares of our commonstock outstanding on May 12, 2023. Because the conversion price to be paid by the Selling Stockholder for shares of common stock willbe determined on the date of conversion of the Convertible Debentures, the actual number of shares of common stock that we may issue tothe Selling Stockholder may be fewer than the number of shares being offered for resale under this prospectus. The fourth column assumesthe resale by the Selling Securityholder of all of the shares of common stock being offered for resale pursuant to this prospectus.
| || || || || || || || || || || ||Common Stock|
After this Offering(1)
|Name of Selling Stockholder|| || |
Number of Shares Beneficially Owned Prior to this
| || || ||Maximum Number of Shares Being Offered|| || || |
| || || ||Percent|
|YA II PN, Ltd. (2)|| || ||922,991||(3)|| || ||22,880,000|| || || ||—|| || || ||—|| |
|(1)||Assumes all of the shares of common stock offered by theSelling Stockholders pursuant to the prospectus are sold and that the Selling Stockholder buy or sell no additional shares of commonstock prior to the completion of this offering. The registration of these shares does not necessarily mean that the Selling Stockholderwill sell all or any portion of the shares covered by this prospectus.|
|(2)||The Selling Stockholder is a fund managed by Yorkville AdvisorsGlobal, LP (“Yorkville LP”). Yorkville Advisors Global II, LLC (“Yorkville LLC”) is the General Partnerof Yorkville LP. All investment decisions for Selling Stockholder are made by Yorkville LLC’s President and Managing Member,Mr. Mark Angelo. The business address of Yorkville is 1012 Springfield Avenue, Mountainside, New Jersey 07092.|
|(3)||Includes shares of common stock that the Selling Stockholder has theright to acquire within 60 days. Under the terms of the Convertible Debentures, we are prohibited from issuing shares of common stockto the Selling Stockholder to the extent that it would cause the aggregate number of shares of our common stock beneficially owned bythe Selling Stockholder and its affiliates to exceed 4.99% of our outstanding common stock, and under the terms of the Convertible Debentures,the Selling Stockholder may not convert the Convertible Debentures to the extent such conversion would cause the aggregate number of sharesof common stock beneficially owned by the Selling Stockholder and its affiliates to exceed 4.99% of our outstanding common stock (theAuthorized Share Cap”). The amounts in the table give effect to the Authorized Share Cap. Based on 17,573,830 shares of common stockissued and outstanding as of May 12, 2023. Assumes the number of shares issuable pursuant to the Convertible Debentures prior to the offeringis at least 4.99% of the sum of our outstanding shares of common stock after taking into consideration the issuance of such shares.|
PotentialConversion Profits to Selling Stockholder
Thetables below quantify under three different market price scenarios the resulting profit to the Selling Stockholder from a conversionof all amounts underlying the Convertible Debentures at the conversion discount price. Each table assumes on the conversion date that(i) both Convertible Debentures are issued and outstanding in full and (ii) except for Scenario 1, where conversion takes place on issuancedate, a full year of interest equal to $220,000 has been accrued and remains unpaid. We will not actually know the conversion price forthe Convertible Debentures until, and if, we receive a conversion notice from the Selling Stockholder. Because the Selling Stockholdermay not convert the Convertible Debentures to the extent (but only to the extent) it or any of its affiliates would beneficially owna number of shares of common stock which would exceed 4.99% of the total shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of the dateof such conversion, we do not believe that it is likely that all of the Convertible Debentures could be converted in any one given day.
Scenario1. Conversion on the initial issuance date.
Assumesconversion on February 28, 2023, the first date of issuance of the Convertible Debentures. On such date the closing price of our commonstock was $1.56 per share (the “Initial Market Price”) and the lowest VWAP for any trading day during the prior 10 tradingdays was $1.6668 per share.
| || ||$2,000,000 |
| ||$3,500,000 |
| || || || || |
|Initial Market Price|| ||$||1.56|| || || ||1.56|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion price per share on date of issuance|| ||$||1.55||(1)|| || ||1.55||(1)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion shares issued to Selling Stockholder based on the conversion price|| || ||1,290,323||(2)|| || ||2,258,065||(3)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total market price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||2,012,904||(4)|| || ||3,522,581||(4)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total conversion price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||2,000,000||(5)|| || ||3,500,000||(5)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total possible profit that could be realized as a result of the conversion discount as of the date of sale of the Convertible Debentures|| ||$||12,904||(6)|| || ||22,581||(6)|
|(1) ||Lowest VWAP during last 10 trading days multiplied by 0.93.|
|(2) ||$2,000,000 divided by the conversion price per share.|
|(3) ||$3,500,000 divided by the conversion price per share.|
|(4) ||Conversion shares multiplied by market price per share.|
|(5) ||Conversion shares multiplied by conversion price per share.|
|(6) ||Total market price minus total conversion price.|
Scenario 2. Conversion on May 1, 2023
Assumes conversion on May 1, 2023. On such datethe closing price of our common stock was $1.48 per share and the lowest VWAP for any trading day during the prior 10 trading days was$1.3026 per share.
| || ||$2,000,000 |
| ||$3,500,000 |
| || || || || |
|Market price per share on date of conversion|| ||$||1.48|| || ||$||1.48|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion price per share on date of conversion|| ||$||1.21||(1)|| ||$||1.21||(1)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion shares issued to Selling Stockholder based on the conversion price|| || ||1,663,912||(2)|| || ||2,911,845||(3)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total market price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||2,462,588||(4)|| ||$||4,309,530||(4)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total conversion price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||2,013,333||(5)|| ||$||3,523,333||(5)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total possible profit that could be realized as a result of the conversion discount as of the date of conversion|| ||$||449,255||(6)|| ||$|
|(1) ||$1.3026 (lowest VWAP during last 10 trading days prior to conversion) multiplied by 0.93.|
|(2) ||($2,000,000 plus $13,333 (two months of accrued interest at 4% per annum)) divided by $1.21 (the conversion price per share).|
|(3) ||($3,500,000 plus $23,333 (two months of accrued interest at 4% per annum)) divided by $1.21 (the conversion price per share).|
|(4) ||Conversion shares multiplied by market price per share.|
|(5) ||Conversion shares multiplied by conversion price per share.|
|(6) ||Total market price minus total conversion price.|
Scenario 3 Conversion based on a market priceabove the Fixed Price of $1.6204
Assumes the market price is $3.00 on the conversiondate and that 93% of the lowest VWAP of the common stock during the 10 trading days prior to the conversion date is equal to or above$1.6204.
| || ||$2,000,000 |
| ||$3,500,000 |
| || || || || |
|Market price per share on date of conversion|| ||$||3.00|| || || ||3.00|| |
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion price per share on date of conversion|| ||$||1.6204||(1)|| || ||1.6204||(1)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Conversion shares issued to Selling Stockholder based on the conversion price|| || ||1,283,634||(2)|| || ||2,246,359||(3)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total market price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||3,850,899||(4)|| || ||6,739,077||(4)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total conversion price of the shares underling the Convertible Debenture|| ||$||2,080,000||(5)|| || ||3,640,000||(5)|
| || || || || || || || || |
|Total possible profit that could be realized as a result of the conversion discount as of the date of conversion|| ||$||1,770,899||(6)|| || ||3,099,077||(6)|
|(1) ||Maximum conversion price (or Fixed Price).|
|(2) ||($2,000,000 plus $80,000 (12 months of accrued interest at 4% per annum)) divided by conversion price per share.|
|(3) ||($3,500,000 plus $140,000 (12 months of accrued interest at 4% per annum)) divided by conversion price per share.|
|(4) ||Conversion shares multiplied by market price per share.|
|(5) ||Conversion shares multiplied by conversion price per share.|
|(6) ||Total market price minus total conversion price.|
As the conversion price can never be greater than $1.6204, any timethe market price exceeds $1.6204 the total possible profit that the Selling Stockholder can realize on a per share basis will be equalto the market price at such time minus the conversion price of $1.6204. There is no upper limit on the potential profit that the SellingShareholder can realize in such cases.
The following are our executive officers and directorsand their respective ages and positions as of May 12, 2023.
|Name ||Age ||Position|
|Chong Chan “Sam” Teo ||40 ||Chief Executive Officer, Director|
|Su Chen “Chanell” Chuah ||44 ||Chief Operating Officer|
|Yee Fei “Jaylvin” Chan ||35 ||Chief Financial Officer|
|Su Huay “Sue” Chuah ||41 ||Chief Marketing Officer|
|Chen Hoe “Samuel” Sam ||42 ||Chief Technology Officer|
|Jau Long “Jerry” Ooi ||41 ||Vice President|
|Ho Yi Hui ||45 ||Executive Director|
|Joseph R. “Bobby” Banks ||61 ||Director|
|Marco Baccanello ||61 ||Director|
|Jeremy Roberts ||50 ||Director|
Chong Chan “Sam” Teo isour Chief Executive Officer and a Director. Mr. Teo is an experienced corporate strategist who has contributed to building high-performanceteams through implementation of organizational innovation within multiple companies operating in the fintech and ecommerce fields. Priorto this role, Mr. Teo served as Chief Operations Officer of the Company from July 2020 to June 2021, where he, among other things, ledsales and strategic business development. From March 2020 to June 2021, Mr. Teo was the Chief Executive Officer of GEM, leading GEM instrategic/tactical planning, forecasting, capital budgeting, and financial cost controls. Prior to that role, Mr. Teo served as Directorof Business Development of GEM from May 2018 to February 2020, where he was in charge of sales and business development. From May 2016to April 2018, Mr. Teo was the Managing Director of Modes Cube Sdn Bhd, leading its business delivery team. Mr. Teo earned a Bachelor’sdegree in Quantity Survey from the Sheffield Hallam University in 2006, and received a Diploma in Quantity Survey from the Tunku AbdulRahman College in 2004.
Su Chen “Chanell” Chuah isour Chief Operating Officer. From 2020 to present Ms. Chuah has been Chief Operating Officer for GEM. At GEM, Ms. Chuah has, among otherthings, lead project management ensuring exchange listing related matters are executed according to plan; maintained liaison with exchangelisting advisors’ counterpart to ensure corporate compliance elements are taken care of within the organization; ensured alignmentof business directions/communication among internal and external stakeholders with regards to overall organization goals and plans andalso the proprietary product planning. From 2016 to 2021 Ms. Chuah was the Chief Operating Officer for World Cloud Ventures Sdn Bhd. AtWorld Cloud, Ms. Chuah’s responsibilities were, among other things, project management for mobile app, i1happyhour; ensuring portaldevelopment, business development planning, marketing strategy planning and business readiness; leading the application of MSC statusfor the company under the product: i1happyhour and successfully getting the approval; project management for Loyalty Reward Program, GemReward, ensuring development of IT portal, business readiness, marketing readiness, business development, legal agreement matters andcustomer service and project management for e-commerce program, ze.la.fa covering the IT platform development, online seller recruitment,agreement preparation and customer service. Ms. Chuah earned a Bachelor’s of Business in Finance and Banking from Charles StuartUniversity in 2010.
Yee Fei “Jaylvin” Chan isour Chief Financial Officer. From 2020 to present Mr. Chan has been the Chief Financial Officer for GEM. At GEM Mr. Chan has, among otherthings, been a member of the involved in setting overall operational short- and long-term strategies and analyzing and reporting on trends,opportunities, risks and projections of future growth; lead the development and use of best-practice policies, practices, and tools thatensure a well-controlled yet flexible organization with strong fiscal management, project management, cross team communications and workflowand coordinated the development of the annual operating, capital, and program budgets, and reporting against the same. From 2019 to 2020Mr. Chan was, among other things, the Group Finance Manager for Vettons Group of Companies. At Vettons, Mr. Chan supervised end-of-periodprocesses and prepared an analysis of the periodical business performance, budgets, and forecasts and lead the Finance Department in theestablishment of risk management procedures as well as the update of those procedures. From 2015 to 2019 Mr. Chan was a Vice Presidentat TAEL Management. At TAEL, Mr. Chan was among other things, involved in several private equity investments, reported to Finance Directorand advised the Investment Director on the structure of funding, strategies on the entering and exiting the deals and designed the valuation;and provided high level analytical support in areas of strategic financial importance. Mr. Chan is currently a Chartered Accountant registeredwith the Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) and received a Bachelor’s degree in finance/accounting at University of Malaysiaand is pursuing an MBA at the Open University of Malaysia.
Su Huay “Sue” Chuah is ourChief Marketing Officer. From March 2021 to present Ms. Chuah has been the Chief Marketing Officer for GEM. At GEM, her responsibilitieshave been, among other things, to set marketing goals to establish strategic direction and plan positioning; plan, implement and managemarketing strategies; and contribute to the overall development of the company. From 2017 to 2021 Ms. Chuah was the Branding & CommunicationDirector for Click Internet Traffic Sdn Bhd. At Click, Ms. Chuah, among other things, participated in the development of the brand marketingstrategies in order to establish strategic direction and program positioning; defined the departmental vision to instill it in all levelsof the marketing department to make up part of the working culture and oversaw the brand planning process inclusive of the definitionof target consumers and the development of marketing mix and strategies. From 2016 to 2017, Ms. Chuah was the Brand Manager for Clickand her key responsibilities were, among other things, to oversee a wide array of business functions including branding, communicationchannels, product development, online and offline promotions, and market research; team management and support their efforts and reportto higher level and to identify how the brand is currently positioned in the market and identify future trends. Ms. Chuah received a Bachelor’sdegree in Mass Communication from Limkokwing University College of Creative Technology in 2005.
Chen Hoe “Samuel” Sam isour Chief Technology Officer. From 2018 to 2020 Mr. Sam was the Senior Technical Manager for ARB Development SDN Bhd. At ARB Development,Mr. Sam, among other things, established the company’s technical vision and lead all aspects of the company’s technologicaldevelopment; directed the company’s strategic direction, development and future growth and provided leadership to department tomeet customer’s deadlines. In 2018 Mr. Sam was the Lead Programmer for World Cloud Ventures Sdn Bhd. At World Cloud. Mr. Sam, amongother things, managed a team of programmers, to support and develop in-house software application; gathered requirements from management,and developed solutions; and embedded bidding feature for a membership mobile application. From 2017 to 2018 Mr. Sam was the Senior Managerfor Tone Excel International Sdn Bhd. At Tone, Mr. Sam Managed internal MIS Team; worked with vendor to maintain in-house Hardware/Software/Networkinfrastructure; re-organized hosting server structure and removed redundant server; and worked with vendor to restructure current softwareframework to enable the System backbone support web application and mobile application. From 2015 to 2017, Mr. Sam was the Chief TechnologyOfficer for Isynergy Universal Sdn Bhd. At Isynergy, Mr. Sam, among other things, setup an IT team to maintain and enhance their corebusiness system (Software/Hardware); worked with CBO to carry out the new system development, integration and implementation; and workedwith MIS Outsourcing Company to maintain in-house Hardware/Software/Email issue. Mr. Sam earned a Bachelor’s degree in ComputerScience/Information Technology in 2004 and a Graduate diploma of Computer Science/Information Technology in 2003.
Jau Long “Jerry” Ooi isour Vice President. From 2017 to present, Mr. Ooi has been the Managing Director of Ezytronic Sdn Bhd, where he leads business development.Prior to that role, Mr. Ooi served as Sales & Marketing Manager of Ezytronic Sdn Bhd, where he was in charge of sales structure, marketingstrategy, and team development. Mr. Ooi received a Diploma in Computer Science/Information Technology in 2002.
Ho Yi Hui is an Executive Director.From 2019 to present Ms. Ho has been an Executive Director at Hanz Consulting Group Sdn. Bhd. where she performed professional and businessconsultation, in terms of compliance and advisory for audit, tax and company secretarial related matters and professional training andcoaching, Fron March 2018 to October 2019 she worked for RSM Tax Consultants (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd. as a Tax Executive Director where sheled a team of 30 tax associates, seniors, managers and directors. Ms. Ho obtained an Advanced Diploma in Commerce Business Studies (FinancialAccounting) and a Diploma in Business Studies (Accounting) from Tuanku Abdul Rahman College in 2001.
Joseph R. “Bobby” Banksis a Director. Mr. Banks is a seasoned financial services executive. He previously worked in the New York and London offices of GoldmanSachs in the Corporate Finance, Mergers & Acquisitions and Communications, Media & Entertainment investment banking departments.Upon leaving Goldman Sachs, Mr. Banks joined JP Morgan Chase in their London Office as a Managing Director and Head of the Telecom andMedia investment banking business in Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”). He subsequently ran the Equity Capital Marketsbusiness for JP Morgan Chase also in EMEA. Mr. Banks has also worked in venture capital from 2014 to 2017 serving as Group Chief FinancialOfficer, Member of the Investment Committee, Chief Investor Relations Officer and Executive Board Member of Mountain Partners AG, a Zurichbased venture capital firm. Since 2017, Mr. Banks has been an independent financial and strategy advisor to a number of companies acrossindustries. Mr. Banks has a BA in Government from Dartmouth College and an MBA in Finance from the Wharton School at the University ofPennsylvania.
Marco Baccanello is a Director. Mr.Baccanello is an experienced corporate finance executive with expertise in advising companies operating in a broad range of industries,particularly within the technology space, in early to late-stage financings, growth strategy and strategic disposals, restructurings andacquisitions. In addition, he has experience in the preparation of the listing and initial public offering documents for companies onNASDAQ and international exchanges, with an emphasis on funding requirements and regulatory filings. Mr. Baccanello also has developedacquisition and marketing strategies for multiple digital opportunities, focusing on content published to app stores, including rapidlygrowing digital businesses in the technology and gaming space. From 2016 to present, Mr. Baccanello is a member of the Corporate Developmentteam where he leads and manages business plan developments. Prior to that role, he was the Chief Financial Officer of PlayJam from 2010to 2016, where he planned, implemented and managed all the finance activities, including business planning, budgeting, forecasting andnegotiations. Mr. Baccanello’s experience as a former chartered accountant at PricewaterhouseCoopers and director of a private equityfirm, specifically his expertise in managing growth businesses within the services, media and technology industries, make him a qualifieddirector to serve on our Board. Mr. Baccanello earned a Bachelor’s degree in Economics at the University of Southampton.
Jeremy Roberts is a Director. Mr. Robertsis an experienced Corporate Financier with track-record of sourcing, structuring and negotiating and completing complex M&A dealsand financings across a broad range of sectors and geographies. From 2013 to present Mr. Roberts has been the founder and Director ofJ and L Roberts Advisors in London, UK., a corporate consultancy firm. At J and L, Mr. Roberts has, among other things, advised familyowners, High Net Worth Individuals, corporate and private equity groups on growth strategies and expansion; structuring and raising capitalfor various business ventures; as well as M&A assignments. From 2013 to 2014 he was the Managing Director and consultant fori76 Sp Zoo in Warsaw, Poland. At i76, he completed Ipopema 76’s first acquisition: Impress Group from Constantia Industriesand worked on post-acquisition and separation matters to post-acquisition optimize internal group structure. From 2011 to 2013 Mr.Roberts was a Principal at Corven Corporate Finance in London, UK. From 2002 to 2011, Mr. Roberts was a Director of Lansdowne Capital,an investment banking boutique, where he originated and executed transactions within the broader industrials sector. Between 2000and 2002, Mr. Roberts was a Vice President in the investment banking division of Credit Suisse in London. Mr. Roberts earned a BSc inEconomics and Politics from University of Bath in 1994.
The following table sets forth certain information,as of May 12, 2023 with respect to the holdings of (1) each person who is the beneficial owner of more than 5% of Company voting stock,(2) each of our directors, (3) each executive officer, and (4) all of our current directors and executive officers as a group.
Beneficial ownership of the voting stock is determinedin accordance with the rules of the SEC and includes any shares of company voting stock over which a person exercises sole or shared votingor investment power, or of which a person has a right to acquire ownership at any time within 60 days of May 12, 2023. Except as otherwiseindicated, we believe that the persons named in this table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of votingstock held by them. Applicable percentage ownership in the following table is based on 17,573,830 shares of common stock issued and outstandingon May 12, 2023, plus, for each individual, any securities that individual has the right to acquire within 60 days of May 12, 2023.
Tothe best of our knowledge, except as otherwise indicated, each of the persons named in the table has sole voting and investment powerwith respect to the shares of our common stock beneficially owned by such person, except to the extent such power may be shared witha spouse. To our knowledge, none of the shares listed below are held under a voting trust or similar agreement, except as noted. To ourknowledge, there is no arrangement, including any pledge by any person of securities of the Company, the operation of which may at asubsequent date result in a change in control of the Company.
The information contained in this table is asof May 12, 2023. At that date, 17,573,830 shares of our common stock were outstanding.
Name and Address of
Beneficial Owner (1)
| ||Title || ||Common |
| || ||Percent of |
|Officers and Directors || || || || || || || || || || |
|Chong Chan “Sam” Teo || ||Chief Executive Officer || || ||1,604,195 || || || ||9.1 ||% |
|Su Chen “Chanell” Chuah || ||Chief Operating Officer || || ||476,000 || || || ||2.7 ||% |
|Yee Fei “Jaylvin” Chan || ||Chief Financial Officer || || ||— || || || || || |
|Su Huay “Sue” Chuah || ||Chief Marketing Officer || || ||426,000 || || || ||2.4 ||% |
|Chen Hoe “Samuel” Sam || ||Chief Technology Officer || || ||— || || || || || |
|Jau Long “Jerry” Ooi || ||Vice President || || ||318,696 || || || ||1.8 ||%|
|Joseph R. “Bobby” Banks || ||Director || || ||— || || || || || |
|Marco Baccanello || ||Director || || ||— || || || || || |
|Jeremy Roberts || ||Director || || ||— || || || || || |
|Officers and Directors as a Group (total of 10 persons) || || || || ||2,824,891 || || || ||16.0 ||% |
| || || || || || || || || || || |
|5% Stockholders || || || || || || || || || || |
|Chong Chan “Sam” Teo || || || || ||1,604,195 || || || ||9.1 ||% |
|The Evolutionary Zeal Sdn Bhd (2) || || || || ||1,500,000 || || || ||8.5 ||% |
|Tophill Holdings Sdn. Bhd. || || || || ||2,756,879 || || || ||15.7 ||% |
|(1)||Unless otherwise indicated, the principal address of the nameddirectors and directors and 5% stockholders of the Company is care of Treasure Global Inc., 276 5th Avenue, Suite 704 #739, New York,New York 10001.|
|(2)||Controlled by two individuals, Wan Zainudin bin Wan Ibrahim andRoslina binti Omar.|
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Otherthan as disclosed below, and except for the regular salary and bonus payments made to our directors and officers in the ordinary courseof business as described in “Executive Compensation,” there have been no transactions since July 1, 2021, or any currentlyproposed transaction or series of similar transactions to which the Company was or is to be a party, in which the amount involved exceedsUSD$120,000 and in which any current or former director or officer of the Company, any 5% or greater shareholder of the Company or anymember of the immediate family of any such persons had or will have a direct or indirect material interest.
SuChen “Chanell” Chuah, our Chief Operating Officer and Su Huay “Sue” Chuah, our Chief Marketing Officer are sisters.
JeremyRoberts and Marco Baccanello, both of whom are independent directors of the Company are also independent directors of VCI Global Limited,the parent of V Capital Kronos Berhad, which was an affiliate of the Company during its last fiscal year. V Capital Kronos Berhad isnot currently an affiliate of the Company.
KokPin “Darren” Tan, the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer, has loaned the Company $134,381 on an interest freebasis.
ChongChan “Sam” Teo, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, has loaned the Company $197,807 on an interest free basis.
Duringthe fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, the Company fully repaid a $1,405,951 loan from World Cloud Ventures Sdn. Bhd. Jau Long “Jerry”Ooi, a Vice President of the Company owns 50% of the equity of World Cloud Ventures Sdn. Bhd. As of June 30, 2022, World Cloud VenturesSdn. Bhd. was the holder of the World Cloud Note, which has subsequently been converted into shares of the Company’s commonstock.
Duringthe fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, the Company fully repaid a $289,303 loan from Cloudmaxx Sdn. Bhd. Jau Long “Jerry”Ooi, a Vice President of the Company owns 30% of the equity of Cloudmaxx Sdn. Bhd. As of June 30, 2022, Cloudmaxx Sdn. Bhd. was alsothe holder of the Cloudmaxx Note, which has subsequently been converted in full into shares of the Company’s common stock.
VoonHim “Victor” Hoo owns more than 50% of the equity of V Capital Kronos Berhad. V Capital Kronos Berhad owned 14.55% of ouroutstanding shares of common stock during our last fiscal year and was the holder of the V Capital Note, which was subsequently beenconverted in full into shares of the Company’s common stock. V Capital Kronos Berhad does not currently own any of the Company’scommon stock.
Duringthe fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, the Company paid $690,367 to True Sight for consulting services. Su Huay “Sue”Chuah, our Chief Marketing Officer is a 40% shareholder of True Sight Sdn Bhd.
InMarch of 2023, Voon Him “Victor” Hoo received 285,714 shares of our common stock upon his resignation from our board of directors.
DESCRIPTIONOF SECURITIES Offered by the Selling stockholder
The Company is authorized to issue one class ofstock. The total number of shares of stock which the Company is authorized to issue is 170,000,000 shares of capital stock, 150,000,000of which are common stock, $0.00001 par value per share of which 17,573,830 shares of which are outstanding and 20,000,000 shares of whichare preferred stock of which none are outstanding. As of May 12, 2023, there were 28 holders of record of our common stock.
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We are registering 22,880,000 shares of common stockfor possible sale by the Selling Stockholder from time to time and up to 22,880,000 shares of common stock that are issuable upon theconversion of the Convertible Debentures.
The Selling Stockholder and any of its pledgees, assigneesand successors-in-interest may, from time to time, sell any or all of their securities covered hereby on any stock exchange, market ortrading facility on which the securities are traded or in private transactions. These sales will occur at fixed prices, at market pricesprevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to prevailing market prices, or at negotiated prices. The Selling Stockholder may useany one or more of the following methods when selling securities:
|●||ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;|
|●||block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the securities as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;|
|●||purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;|
|●||an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;|
|●||privately negotiated transactions;|
|●||settlement of short sales;|
|●||in transactions through broker-dealers that agree with the selling stockholders to sell a specified number of such securities at a stipulated price per security;|
|●||through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;|
|●||a combination of any such methods of sale; or|
|●||any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.|
The Selling Stockholder may also sell securities underRule 144 or any other exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), ifavailable, rather than under this prospectus.
Broker-dealers engaged by the Selling Stockholdermay arrange for other brokers-dealers to participate in sales. Broker-dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the Selling Stockholders(or, if any broker-dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of securities, from the purchaser) in amounts to be negotiated, but, exceptas set forth in a supplement to this Prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction not in excess of a customary brokerage commissionin compliance with FINRA Rule 2121; and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with FINRA Rule 2121.
In connection with the sale of the securities or intereststherein, the Selling Stockholder may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may inturn engage in short sales of the securities in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The Selling Stockholder may also sellsecurities short and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge the securities to broker-dealers thatin turn may sell these securities. The Selling Stockholder may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or otherfinancial institutions or create one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financialinstitution of securities offered by this prospectus, which securities such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuantto this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).
The Selling Stockholder and any broker-dealers oragents that are involved in selling the securities may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the SecuritiesAct in connection with such sales. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resaleof the securities purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act. The Selling Stockholderhas informed us that it does not have any written or oral agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distributethe securities.
We are required to pay certain fees and expenses incurredby the Company incident to the registration of the securities. We have agreed to indemnify the Selling Stockholder against certain losses,claims, damages and liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.
We have agreed to keep this prospectus effective untilthe earlier of (i) the date on which the securities may be resold by the Selling Stockholder without registration and without regard toany volume or manner-of-sale limitations by reason of Rule 144, without the requirement for the Company to be in compliance with the currentpublic information under Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect or (ii) all of the securities have beensold pursuant to this prospectus or Rule 144 under the Securities Act or any other rule of similar effect. The resale securities willbe sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certainstates, the resale securities covered hereby may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicablestate or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.
Under applicable rules and regulations under the ExchangeAct, any person engaged in the distribution of the resale securities may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respectto the common stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution. Inaddition, the Selling Stockholder will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder,including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of the common stock by the Selling Stockholder or any otherperson. We will make copies of this prospectus available to the Selling Stockholder and have informed them of the need to deliver a copyof this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale (including by compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act).
Theconsolidated financial statements of Treasure Global Inc, and subsidiary incorporated in this prospectus by reference to the Annual Reporton Form 10-K for the years ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021, which contain an explanatory paragraph relating to substantial doubtabout the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern as described in Note 1 to the financial statements, have been so incorporatedin reliance on the report of Friedman LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as set forth in their report thereon, givenon the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
Certain legal matters with respect to the validityof the securities being offered by this prospectus will be passed upon by Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP, New York, New York.
WHERE YOUCAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
We have filed with the SECa registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act with respect to the shares of our common stock offered by this prospectus.This prospectus, which constitutes a part of the registration statement, does not contain all of the information set forth in the registrationstatement, some of which is contained in exhibits to the registration statement as permitted by the rules and regulations of the SEC.For further information with respect to us and our common stock, we refer you to the registration statement, including the exhibits filedas a part of the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus concerning the contents of any contract or any otherdocument is not necessarily complete. If a contract or document has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement, please seethe copy of the contract or document that has been filed. Each statement in this prospectus relating to a contract or document filed asan exhibit is qualified in all respects by the filed exhibit. You may obtain copies of this information by mail from the Public ReferenceSection of the SEC, 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549, at prescribed rates. You may obtain information on the operationof the public reference rooms by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet website that contains reports,proxy statements and other information about issuers, like us, that file electronically with the SEC. The address of that website is www.sec.gov.
We are subject to the informationand reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and, in accordance with this law, are required to file periodic reports, proxy statementsand other information with the SEC. These periodic reports, proxy statements and other information are available for inspection and copyingat the SEC’s public reference facilities and the website of the SEC referred to above. We also maintain a website at www.treasureglobal.co.You may access these materials free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnishedto, the SEC. Information contained on our website is not a part of this prospectus and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectusis an inactive textual reference only.
INCORPORATION OF DOCUMENTSBY REFERENCE
We file annual and specialreports and other information with the SEC (File Number 001-41476). These filings contain important information which does not appearin this prospectus. The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information into this prospectus, which means that wecan disclose important information to you by referring you to other documents which we have filed or will file with the SEC. The informationincorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus, and information in documents that we file later with the SEC willautomatically update and supersede information in this prospectus. We incorporate by reference into this prospectus the documents listedbelow and any future filings made by us with the SEC under Section 13(a), 13(c), 15(d) of the Exchange Act, except for information “furnished”to the SEC that is not deemed filed and not incorporated by reference into this prospectus (unless otherwise indicated below), until thetermination of the offering of securities described in the applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment:
|●||our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended on June 30, 2022, filed with the SEC on December 5, 2022 (the “Form 10-K”);|
|●||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended on September 30, 2022, filed with the SEC on December 19, 2022;|
|●||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended on December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on February 14, 2023;|
| || || |
our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended on March31, 2023, filed with the SEC on May 8, 2023;
our Current Report on Form 8-K furnished to the SEC on August 16, 2022,October 24, 2022, November 29, 2022, December 7, 2022, March 1, 2023, March 22, 2023, and May 4, 2023;
|●||the description of our securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act contained in the Form 8-A12B, as filed with the SEC on August 10, 2022, including any amendment or report filed for the purpose of updating such description; and|
|●||any future filings made with the SEC under Section 13(a), 13(c) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.|
In addition, any reportson Form 8-K submitted to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to the Exchange Act after the date of the initial registration statement andprior to effectiveness of the registration statement that we specifically identify in such forms as being incorporated by reference intothe registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part and all subsequent Annual Reports on Form 10-K filed after the effectivedate of this registration statement and prior to the termination of this offering and any reports on Form 8-K subsequently submitted tothe SEC, or portions thereof that we specifically identify in such forms as being incorporated by reference into the registration statementof which this prospectus forms a part, shall be considered to be incorporated into this prospectus by reference and shall be considereda part of this prospectus from the date of filing or submission of such documents.
You should rely only on theinformation contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We have not authorized any other person to provide you with differentinformation. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. We are not making an offerto sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearingin this prospectus as well as the information we previously filed with the SEC and incorporated by reference, is accurate as of the dateson the front cover of those documents only. Our business, financial condition and results of operations and prospects may have changedsince those dates. Certain statements in and portions of this prospectus update and replace information in the above listed documentsincorporated by reference. Likewise, statements in or portions of a future document incorporated by reference in this prospectus may updateand replace statements in and portions of this prospectus or the above listed documents.
We will provide you without charge, upon your writtenor oral request, a copy of any of the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, other than exhibits to such documents whichare not specifically incorporated by reference into such documents. Please direct your written or telephone requests to Treasure GlobalInc, Attn: Chief Financial Officer, 276 5th Avenue, Suite 704 #739, New York, New York 10001; telephone: +6012 643 7688. You may alsoobtain information about us by visiting our website at https://treasureglobal.co/#1. The information contained on or accessiblethrough our website is not incorporated by reference and is not part of this prospectus.
Up to 22,880,000 Shares
INFORMATION NOT REQUIREDIN PROSPECTUS
Item 13. Other Expensesof Issuance and Distribution.
The following table indicatesthe expenses to be incurred in connection with the offering described in this registration statement, other than underwriting discountsand commissions, all of which will be paid by us. All amounts are estimated except the Securities and Exchange Commission registrationfee and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., or FINRA filing.
| || || ||Amount || |
|Securities and Exchange Commission registration fee || ||$ ||2,521.38 || |
|Accountants’ fees and expenses || ||$ || |
|Legal fees and expenses || ||$ ||150,000.00 || |
|Printing and engraving expenses || ||$ || |
|Miscellaneous || ||$ || |
|Total expenses || ||$ || 180,000.00 || |
Item 14. Indemnificationof Directors and Officers.
Section 102 of the GeneralCompany Law of the State of Delaware (“DGCL”) permits a Company to eliminate the personal liability of directors of a Companyto the Company or its stockholders for monetary damages for a breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except where the director breachedhis duty of loyalty, failed to act in good faith, engaged in intentional misconduct or knowingly violated a law, authorized the paymentof a dividend or approved a stock repurchase in violation of Delaware corporate law or obtained an improper personal benefit. Our charterprovides that no director of the Company shall be personally liable to it or its stockholders for monetary damages for any breach of fiduciaryduty as a director, notwithstanding any provision of law imposing such liability, except to the extent that the DGCL prohibits the eliminationor limitation of liability of directors for breaches of fiduciary duty.
Section 145 of the DGCL providesthat a Company has the power to indemnify a director, officer, employee, or agent of the Company, or a person serving at the request ofthe Company for another Company, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise in related capacities against expenses (includingattorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection withan action, suit or proceeding to which he was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, ending or completedaction, suit or proceeding by reason of such position, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believed to bein or not opposed to the best interests of the Company, and, in any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believehis conduct was unlawful, except that, in the case of actions brought by or in the right of the Company, no indemnification shall be madewith respect to any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the Company unless and onlyto the extent that the Court of Chancery or other adjudicating court determines that, despite the adjudication of liability but in viewof all of the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Courtof Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.
If a claim is not paid in full by the Company, theclaimant may at any time thereafter bring suit against the Company to recover the unpaid amount of the claim and, if successful in wholeor in part, the claimant shall also be entitled to be paid the expense of prosecuting such claim. It shall be a defense to any such action(other than an action brought to enforce a claim for expenses incurred in defending any proceeding in advance of its final dispositionwhere any undertaking required by the Bylaws has been tendered to the Company) that the claimant has not met the standards of conductwhich make it permissible under the DGCL for the Company to indemnify the claimant for the amount claimed, but the burden of proving suchdefense shall be on the Company. Neither the failure of the Company (including its board of directors (“Board”), legal counsel,or its stockholders) to have made a determination prior to the commencement of such action that indemnification of the claimant is properin the circumstances because he or she has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in the DGCL, nor an actual determination bythe Company (including its Board, legal counsel, or its stockholders) that the claimant has not met such applicable standard of conduct,shall be a defense to the action or create a presumption that the claimant has not met the applicable standard of conduct. Indemnificationshall include payment by the Company of expenses in defending an action or proceeding in advance of the final disposition of such actionor proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by the person indemnified to repay such payment if it is ultimately determined that suchperson is not entitled to indemnification.
In any underwriting agreementwe enter into in connection with the sale of common stock being registered hereby, the underwriters will agree to indemnify, under certainconditions, us, our directors, our officers and persons who control us within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, orthe Securities Act, against certain liabilities.
Item 15. Recent Salesof Unregistered Securities.
Since the Company's incorporation on March 20, 2020, the registrant hasgranted or issued the following securities of the registrant that were not registered under the Securities Act, as amended.
(a) Issuance of Capital Stock.
On July 1, 2020 the Company issued 10,000,000 sharesof its common stock to Kok Pin “Darren” Tan, our former Chief Executive Officer, who has subsequently transferred his sharesto 16 persons and entities and holds less than 5% of the Company’s common stock.
On July 1, 2021 the Company issued 232,666 sharesof its common stock to Exchange Listing LLC pursuant to a consulting agreement.
On October 27, 2021 the Company issued 312,585 sharesof its common stock to three individuals pursuant to a Share Swap Agreement, as amended in consideration for all of the equity of GemReward Sdn. Bhd.
On August 15, 2022 the Company issued 1,403,083 shares of its common stockas a result of the automatic conversion of the Company’s convertible notes.
On August 15, 2022 the Company issued 2,756,879 shares of our commonstock as a result of the automatic conversion of the amounts due under two loan facilities using the conversion price of $3.20 per share.
On August 15, 2022 the Company issued an aggregateamount of 266,976 shares to Exchange Listing, LLC, pursuant to anti-dilution protection provided to them in their consulting agreementand a cashless exercise of their warrants.
On August 15, 2022 the Company issued 15,927 shares of our commonstock to Space Capital Berhad as a fee under its note.
The issuance of the capital stock listed above wasdeemed exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act or Regulation D promulgated thereunder in that the issuanceof securities was made to an accredited investor and did not involve a public offering. The recipient of such securities representedits intention to acquire the securities for investment purposes only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distributionthereof.
On July 1, 2021, we issued a five-year warrant to purchase 300,000 sharesof our common stock to Exchange Listing, LLC pursuant to a consulting agreement dated July 1, 2021 between us and Exchange Listing, LLC.The warrant exercise price is $4.00 per share. These warrants have been fully exercised and are no longer outstanding.
On August 15, 2022, we issued a five-year warrant to purchase 100,000 sharesof our common stock to the underwriter in our initial public offering. The warrant exercise price is $5.00 per share.
Theissuance of the warrants listed above was deemed exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act or Regulation Dpromulgated thereunder in that the issuance of securities was made to an accredited investor and did not involve a public offering. Therecipient of such securities represented its intention to acquire the securities for investment purposes only and not with a view toor for sale in connection with any distribution thereof.
(c) Option Grants.
The option described above were deemed exempt fromregistration in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act or Regulation D promulgated thereunder in that the issuance of securitieswere made to an accredited investor and did not involve a public offering. The recipients of such securities represented their intentionto acquire the securities for investment purposes only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof.
(d) Issuance of Notes.
OnNovember 13, 2020 we issued a 13.33% Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $2,123,600 to Space Capital Berhad, a Malaysianpublic company (the “Space Capital Note”). The Space Capital Note has been converted 530,900 shares of our common stock.
OnMay 20, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $1,149,000.00 to Kainan Resources Sdn Bhd, a Malaysianprivate limited company (the “Kainan Note”). The Kainan Note has been converted, into 166,522 shares of our common stock.
OnMay 20, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $1,400,000.00 to V Capital Kronos Berhad, a Malaysianpublic company and a more than 10% stockholder of the Company (the “V Capital Note”). The V Capital Note has been convertedinto 202,899 shares of our common stock.
OnJune 18, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $251,768.63 to Vinet Resources Sdn Bhd, a Malaysianprivate limited company and an existing stockholder of the Company (the “Vinet Note”). The Vinet Note has been convertedinto 36,488 shares of our common stock.
OnJune 20, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $772,713.20 to Repro Solution Sdn Bhd, a Malaysian privatelimited company and an existing stockholder of the Company (the “Repro Note”). The Repro Note has been converted into 111,988shares of our common stock.
OnJune 30, 2021 we issued a 12% Redeemable Senior Note in the principal amount of $65,000.00 to Yong Kim Fong, a Malaysian citizen (the“Fong Note”). The Fong Note bears interest at 12.00% per annum and is due on the earlier of (x) the date on which our commonstock is listed on Nasdaq and (y) July 1, 2024. The Fong Note is prepayable in full, but not in part.
OnJuly 10, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $36,879.00 to Tan Ann Bee, an existing stockholder ofthe Company (the “Bee Note”). The Bee Note has been converted into 5,344 shares of our common.
OnJuly 29, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $236,462.52 to Kainan Resources Sdn Bhd, a Malaysianprivate limited company (the “Kainan Note 2”). The Kainan Note 2 has been converted into 34,270 shares of our common stock.
OnSeptember 22, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $240,442.41 to Chuah Su Mei, an existing stockholderof the Company (the “Chuah Note”). The Chuah Note has been converted into 34,847 shares of our common stock.
OnOctober 20, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $120,235.66 to Click Development Berhad, a Malaysiancompany and an existing stockholder of the Company (the “Click Note”). The Click Note has been converted into 17,425 sharesof our common stock.
OnNovember 4, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $120,555.15 to Whitney Tan Ann Nee, an existing stockholderof the Company (the “Whitney Nee Note”). The Whitney Nee Note has been converted into 17,472 shares of our common stock.
OnNovember 4, 2021 we issued a Redeemable Convertible Note in the principal amount of $1,013,106.38 to Repro Solution Sdn Bhd, a Malaysianprivate limited company and an existing stockholder of the Company (the “Repro Note 2”). The Repro Note 2 has been convertedinto 146,827 shares of our common stock.
OnNovember 5, 2021 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $108,590.73 to World Cloud Ventures Sdn Bhd, a Malaysianprivate company and an existing stockholder of the Company (the “World Cloud Note”. The World Cloud Note has been convertedinto 15,738 shares of our common stock.
OnJanuary 3, 2022 we issued a Convertible Redeemable Note in the principal amount of $568,308.87 to Cloudmaxx Sdn Bhd, a Malaysian privatecompany (the “Cloudmaxx Note”). The Cloudmaxx Note has been converted into 82,363 shares of our common stock.
OnJanuary 3, 2022 we entered into a Loan Agreement (the “Tophill Loan Agreement 1”) with Tophill Holding Sdn. Bhd (“Tophill”),pursuant to which Tophill revolving loan facility to borrow up to RM 20,000,000 (approximately $4,800,000) at 3.5% per annum, which ispayable on demand. All amounts under the Tophill Loan Agreement 1 have been converted into shares of our common stock and the TophillLoan Agreement 1 has been terminated.
OnMay 13, 2022 we entered into an additional Loan Agreement (the “Tophill Loan Agreement 2”) with Tophill, pursuant to whichTophill provided us with a revolving loan facility to borrow up to RM 50,000,000 (approximately $11,900,000) with terms that are identicalto the Tophill Loan Agreement 1, as amended. All amounts under the Tophill Loan Agreement 2 have been converted into shares of our commonstock and the Tophill Loan Agreement 2 has been terminated.
On February 28, 2023 YA II PN, Ltd. agreed topurchase two unsecured Convertible Debentures, in the aggregate principal amount of up to $5,500,000.00 in a Private Placement for anaggregate purchase price of $5,060,000. Each Convertible Debenture accrues or will accrue interest on its outstanding principalamount at 4% per annum and has a 12-month term.
The notes and loan described above was deemed exemptfrom registration in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act or Regulation D promulgated thereunder in that the issuance ofsecurities was made to an accredited investor and did not involve a public offering. The recipients of such securities represented theirintention to acquire the securities for investment purposes only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distributionthereof.
Item 16. Exhibits andFinancial Statement Schedules.
(a) Exhibits: Reference is made to theExhibit Index following the signature pages hereto, which Exhibit Index is hereby incorporated into this Item.
|3.1* || ||Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant|
|3.2* || ||Bylaws of the Registrant|
|3.3* || ||Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant|
|4.1* || ||Form of Underwriter Warrant |
|5.1 || ||Opinion of Counsel to Registrant|
|10.1** || ||Common Stock Securities Purchase Agreement dated February 28, 2023 between the Registrant and YA II PN Ltd|
|10.2** || ||Form of Convertible Promissory Note issued pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement|
|10.3** || ||Registration Rights Agreement dated February 28, 2023 between the Registrant and YA II PN Ltd|
|10.4* || ||Investment Agreement dated November 1, 2020 between the Registrant and Space Capital Berhad|
|10.5* || ||13.33% Convertible Redeemable Note issued by the Registrant on November 13, 2020 to Space Capital Behard in the principal amount of $2,123,600|
|10.6* || ||Collaboration Agreement dated March 21, 2022 between GEM Reward SDN BHD and TNG Digital SDN BHD|
|10.7* || ||Business Partner Agreement dated February 8, 2022 between Public Bank and Gem Reward Sdn Bhd|
|10.8* || ||Agreement dated August 6, 2021 between iPay88 (M) Sdn. Bhd. and Gem Reward Sdn Bhd.|
|10.9* || ||Partnership Agreement dated as of December 16, 2021 between Gem Reward Sdn Bhd and Digi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd|
|10.10* || ||Collection Services Agreement dated as of August 11, 2021 between ATX Distribution Sdn Bhd and Gem Reward Sdn Bhd|
|10.11* || ||Service Provider Agreement effective January 1, 2022 between Coup Marketing Asia Pacific Sdn. Bhd. d/b/a Pay’s Gift and Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd.|
|10.12* || ||Reseller Agreement dated April 12, 2021 between MOL Accessportal Sdn. Bhd. d/b/a Razer Gold and Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd.|
|10.13* || ||Merchant Services Agreement dated August 17, 2021 between Morganfield’s and Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd.|
|10.14* || ||Merchant Services Agreement dated August 17, 2021 between The Alley and Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd.|
|10.17* || ||Merchant Services Agreement dated August 17, 2021 between Hui Lau Shan and Gem Reward Sdn. Bhd.|
|10.15* || ||Employment Agreement dated July 1, 2020 between Chong Chan “Sam” Teo and the Registrant|
|10.16* || ||Employment Agreement dated October 15, 2020 between Yee Fei “Jaylvin” Chan and the Registrant|
|10.17* || ||Employment Agreement dated March 1, 2021 between Su Huay “Sue” Chuah and the Registrant|
|10.18* || ||Employment Agreement dated June 1, 2021 between Voon Him “Victor” Hoo and the Registrant|
|10.19* || ||Employment Agreement dated June 16, 2021 between Su Chen “Chanell” Chuah and the Registrant|
|10.20* || ||Extension of Voon Him “Victor” Hoo Employment Agreement dated June 15, 2022.|
|21.1* || ||List of Subsidiaries of the Company.|
|23.1 || ||Consent of Friedman LLP|
|23.2 || ||Consent of Counsel to Registrant (included in Exhibit 5.1)|
|107 || ||Fee Table|
*Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1(File No. 333-264364), filed on August 1, 2022.
** Incorporated by reference to the Company’sCurrent Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-41476), filed on March 1, 2023.
(b) Financial Statement Schedules: Allschedules are omitted because the required information is inapplicable or the information is presented in the financial statements andthe related notes.
Item 17. Undertakings.
The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers orsales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by section10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”);
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or eventsarising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individuallyor in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing,any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that whichwas registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectusfiled with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price representno more than a 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee”table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii) To include any material information with respectto the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registrationstatement; provided, however, that paragraphs (1)(i), (1)(ii) and (1)(iii) above do not apply if the information required to be includedin a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commissionby the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference inthe registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liabilityunder the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securitiesoffered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effectiveamendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4) That, for the purpose of determining liabilityunder the Securities Act to any purchaser:
(A) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuantto Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of andincluded in the registration statement; and
(B) Each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectusesfiled in reliance on Rule 430A, shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the date it is first usedafter effectiveness. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registrationstatement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that ispart of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such first use, supersede or modifyany statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any suchdocument immediately prior to such date of first use.
(5) That for the purpose of determining liabilityof the registrant under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of securities, the undersigned registrant undertakesthat in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwritingmethod used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the followingcommunications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities tosuch purchaser:
(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of theundersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offeringprepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectusrelating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf ofthe undersigned registrant; and
(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in theoffering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arisingunder the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to any charter provision,by law or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnificationis against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnificationagainst such liabilities (other than payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling personof the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling personin connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settledby controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against publicpolicy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that:
(1) For purposes of determining any liability underthe Securities Act, the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance uponRule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(1) or (4) or 497(h) under the SecuritiesAct shall be deemed to be part of this registration statement as of the time it was declared effective.
(2) For the purpose of determining any liability underthe Securities Act, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statementrelating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fideoffering thereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the SecuritiesAct of 1933, the registrant has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto dulyauthorized in the City of New York, State of New York, on May 12, 2023.
| ||TREASURE GLOBAL INC|
| || |
| ||By: || /s/ Chong Chan “Sam” Teo|
| || ||Chong Chan “Sam” Teo|
| || ||Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Actof 1933, this Registration Statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|Name ||Position ||Date|
| || || |
|/s/ Chong Chan “Sam” Teo || ||Chief Executive Officer and Director ||May 12, 2023|
|Chong Chan Sam Teo ||(Principal Executive Officer) || |
| || || |
|/s/ Yee Fei “Jaylvin” Chan || ||Chief Financial Officer ||May 12, 2023|
|Yee Fei Jaylvin Chan ||(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) || |
| || || |
|/s/ Joseph R. “Bobby” Banks || ||Director ||May 12, 2023|
|Joseph R. Bobby Banks || || |
| || || |
|/s/ Marco Baccanello || ||Director ||May 12, 2023|
|Marco Baccanello || || |
| || || |
|/s/ Jeremy Roberts || ||Director ||May 12, 2023|
|Jeremy Roberts || || || |
| || || || |
|/s/ Ho Yi Hui || ||Director ||May 12, 2023|
|Ho Yi Hui || || || |